Prediabetes, A Growing Health Problem

It was in the mid-nineteenth century when the French clinician Bouchardat pointed out the importance of obesity and sedentary life in the origin of diabetes; Today one of the priorities for health systems in the world is to convince the population to adopt healthy lifestyles to prevent their development or complications.

The adoption of healthy lifestyles, which involves activities that do not cause effects on health such as a balanced diet and physical activity, are major factors that prevent the development of chronic diseases such as diabetes.

During the last 30 years, the number of people with diabetes in the world has doubled; in 1980 the prevalence was 108 million diabetics, in contrast, at present this condition affects more than 400 million individuals, this according to information from the World Health Organization (WHO).

Type 2 diabetes accounts for 90 percent of all diabetes cases. However, there is a phenomenon that has received special interest in health specialists, prediabetes. A study published in 2012 in the specialized journal The Lancet, predicts the presence of prediabetes in more than 470 million people by 2030 around the world.

The problem is such that the aforementioned study estimates that 70 percent of people with prediabetes will eventually develop diabetes, and up to five and 10 percent of people with prediabetes go into a diabetic state each year, but this proportion varies according to the characteristic of the population.

While diabetes occurs when blood sugar (glucose) levels exceed 126 milligrams per deciliter, the average range between 100 to 125 milligrams per deciliter is known as prediabetes. 

Like diabetes, prediabetes is a clinically silent condition, the person with this condition has no symptoms: no fever, cough, diarrhea or any other signal to notify you; Without realizing it, it is easy to go from this condition to diabetes.

People with prediabetes when transiting to diabetes can suffer damage to eyes (retinopathy), kidneys (nephropathies), blood vessels and heart (macrovascular diseases), and chronic kidney disease. People who have diabetes may have problems with their teeth and gums more frequently if blood glucose levels remain high. If your teeth are abnormal, it may be an indication that you have diabetes or prediabetes, better to visit your dentist in Tijuana Mexico to prevent

How to know if I have prediabetes or diabetes?

perform a blood glucose test for the diagnosis of prediabetes and diabetes or a glucose tolerance test (one in which a blood sample is taken after fasting overnight), then the patient drinks a 75-gram beverage glucose and two hours later take another blood sample), and avoid the diagnostic test known as glycosylated hemoglobin.